The role of the diet in a healthy lifestyle    Play Audio
Module 1, Unit 1, Level: Basic

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General information
Well-balanced diets

Diet, health, lifestyle, wellness, healthy eating, balanced diet, longevity



The role of the diet in a healthy lifestyle
We need to eat to live. Feeding is the way our body has to obtain energy and be able to develop its functions. In this way, through the food we eat, we get energy and nutrients that are essential for all physiological functions, from breathing to jumping, from talking to growing, from laughing to even healing a wound.
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A healthy lifestyle, both physically and alimentary, has demonstrated to improve health status and reduce the prevalence of diseases, especially chronic diseases. A healthy diet is essential to prevent or reduce the development of metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia or cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension or myocardial infarction.

There are a great number of scientific studies that show that most of these diseases also appear as a consequence of the high consumption of ultra-processed foods, pulling away from a more natural meal, with nearby products and with classic culinary techniques. Associated recommendations to follow besides the healthy diet are to engage in daily physical activity, adequate water consumption, socialization, emotional balance and healthy cooking techniques.

Representative Products
Vegetables, fruits, grain (cereal) foods, fish, meat, milk products, eggs, legumes, nuts.
The associated risks are based on the ignorance of what is a healthy diet. There is the false belief that a high protein or low carbohydrate diet can be healthy dietary patterns such as some diets to lose weight recommend. Those restricted diets must be prescribed and controlled by a specialist who evaluates clinical parameters to avoid risks.

Dietary supplements are products that should be under a more strict regulation, since many of them lacking scientific studies that validate their properties, are available to consumers without restrictions. It is a cause of concern, causing adverse reactions from allergic reactions to severe liver injury.
Further references
Ríos, Carlos. Planner Realfooding. Editorial Planeta Gifts. Year: 2020.
Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvadó J, et al; PREDIMED Study Investigators. Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet Supplemented with Extra-Virgin Olive Oil or Nuts. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jun 21;378(25):e34.

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